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posted by janrinok on Friday November 12 2021, @11:33AM   Printer-friendly

Arthur T Knackerbracket has processed the following story:

Microsoft is taking the fight to Chromebooks in schools with the $250 Surface Laptop SE, but inexpensive hardware is only part of the equation. One reason Chromebooks have succeeded in education is because of Chrome OS, which is well-suited for lower-end hardware, easy for IT administrators to manage, and hard to break with errant apps or malware.

Microsoft's answer to Chrome OS is Windows 11 SE. Unlike past efforts like Windows in S mode (which is still its own separate thing), Windows 11 SE isn't just a regular version of Windows with a cheaper license or a cut-down version that runs fewer apps. Windows 11 SE defaults to saving all files (including user profile information) to students' OneDrive accounts, and it has had some standard Windows 11 features removed to ensure a "distraction-free" learning environment that performs better on low-end devices. The operating system also gives IT administrators exclusive control over the apps and browser extensions that can be installed and run via Microsoft Intune.

If you're a school IT administrator with a fleet of PC laptops or desktops, you might wonder if you can buy and install Windows 11 SE on hardware you already have so you can benefit from its changes without buying new hardware. The answer, Microsoft tells us, is no. The only way to get Windows 11 SE is on laptops that ship with Windows 11 SE. And if you re-image a Windows 11 SE device with a different version of Windows 10 or Windows 11, it won't even be possible to reinstall Windows 11 SE after that.

[...] Microsoft has published documentation (PDF) that more fully explains the differences between Windows 11 SE and the other editions of Windows (including Windows in S mode).


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  • (Score: 4, Interesting) by DannyB on Friday November 12 2021, @05:00PM (1 child)

    by DannyB (5839) Subscriber Badge on Friday November 12 2021, @05:00PM (#1195662) Journal

    Like that have for ~30 years.

    40 years.

    This really started about 40 years ago with the original IBM PC.

    IBM believed all the profit was in the hardware, and the software was just a mere necessity to make the hardware useful.

    Bill Gates understood (as did others also) that the Software is the real profit center once you have standard cross vendor hardware. An idea completely foreign to IBM's thinking. Competition? What competition?

    Bill Gates shrewdly asked and got IBM to agree to letting Microsoft rebrand PC DOS as MS DOS and sell it independently. I'm sure IBM couldn't see any possible harm in that. After all it is only IBM who makes the IBM PC. Apple, Tandy and other computer makers' computers won't be compatible with MS-DOS.

    Interesting thing though. The IBM PC was made out of off the shelf parts. Nothing custom. Easy to clone -- other than creating your own BIOS that just happens to have the same entry points for the same functions.

    Once PC clones were born. There was a market for MS-DOS.

    Now here is where Microsoft first turns evil. Hey, Mr PC Clone maker, if you want a license for MS-DOS, you have to pay for a copy of MS-DOS for EVERY computer you sell -- whether or not that computer comes with MS-DOS or not.

    What this did is make it impossible for other OSes (and there were some) to compete with MS-DOS. The customer still had to pay for MS-DOS even if they didn't want it and wanted a Brand X operating system.

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  • (Score: 4, Informative) by PinkyGigglebrain on Saturday November 13 2021, @02:31AM

    by PinkyGigglebrain (4458) on Saturday November 13 2021, @02:31AM (#1195830)

    Not quite.

    PC-DOS [wikipedia.org] was originally created by Seattle Computer Products as CP/M and then licensed to IBM with Microsoft's help it became PC-DOS. Microsoft later puchased CP/M outright and modified it to create MS-DOS which was licensed to IBM as PC-DOS for bundled sale with the IBM PC but also sold as it's own product for the clones that were already popping up. At the time there were actually dozens of versions of 808x disk operating systems available.

    more info at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_PC_DOS [wikipedia.org]

    IBM's big blunder here was thinking that the hardware was more important than the software and not enforcing their ownership of the PC related IP thinking along the lines of "no one will by a cheap knockoff, they will only want an IBM product". As they found out painfully later with the failure of the IBM PCJr and PS1/2 brands with IBM only proprietary hardware people didn't care of IBM, they just wanted an affordable computer that did what they wanted it to do.

    Microsoft went on to become the behemoth we all know and loathe/love today while IBM has manged to at least keep their name alive with their mainframes.

    --
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