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Title    Einsteins (the Tiles) Meet Error Correction for Quantum Superposition
Date    Monday March 25, @06:07PM
Author    Fnord666
Topic   
from the Aperiodic-indistinguishability dept.
https://soylentnews.org/article.pl?sid=24/03/24/2040238

JoeMerchant writes:

Never-Repeating Patterns of Tiles Can Safeguard Quantum Information

For over half a century, aperiodic tilings have fascinated mathematicians, hobbyists and researchers in many other fields. Now, two physicists have discovered a connection between aperiodic tilings and a seemingly unrelated branch of computer science: the study of how future quantum computers can encode information to shield it from errors. In a paper posted to the preprint server arxiv.org in November, the researchers showed how to transform Penrose tilings into an entirely new type of quantum error-correcting code. They also constructed similar codes based on two other kinds of aperiodic tiling.

At the heart of the correspondence is a simple observation: In both aperiodic tilings and quantum error-correcting codes, learning about a small part of a large system reveals nothing about the system as a whole.

...in 1995, the applied mathematician Peter Shor discovered a clever way to store quantum information. His encoding had two key properties. First, it could tolerate errors that only affected individual qubits. Second, it came with a procedure for correcting errors as they occurred, preventing them from piling up and derailing a computation. Shor's discovery was the first example of a quantum error-correcting code, and its two key properties are the defining features of all such codes.

...An infinite two-dimensional plane covered with Penrose tiles, like a grid of qubits, can be described using the mathematical framework of quantum physics: The quantum states are specific tilings instead of 0s and 1s. An error simply deletes a single patch of the tiling pattern, the way certain errors in qubit arrays wipe out the state of every qubit in a small cluster.

The next step was to identify tiling configurations that wouldn't be affected by localized errors, like the virtual qubit states in ordinary quantum error-correcting codes. The solution, as in an ordinary code, was to use superpositions. A carefully chosen superposition of Penrose tilings is akin to a bathroom tile arrangement proposed by the world's most indecisive interior decorator. Even if a piece of that jumbled blueprint is missing, it won't betray any information about the overall floor plan.

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I wonder... does the Penrose / Einstein principle of non-repetition preclude cylindrical, or even donut surface topology full tilings? If not, that could solve the infinite plane mapping into a physically realizable quantum computer problem. I do wonder, but not enough to give up all my other work and hobbies to pursue deeply theoretical mathematics being heavily studied by thousands of PhD mathematicians less than half my age...

Related:
Hobbyist Finds Math's Elusive 'Einstein' Tile
How Space and Time Could Be a Quantum Error-Correcting Code
How Quantum Computers Will Correct Their Errors


Original Submission

Links

  1. "JoeMerchant" - https://soylentnews.org/~JoeMerchant/
  2. "Never-Repeating Patterns of Tiles Can Safeguard Quantum Information" - https://www.quantamagazine.org/never-repeating-tiles-can-safeguard-quantum-information-20240223/
  3. "discovered a connection" - https://www.quantamagazine.org/never-repeating-tiles-can-safeguard-quantum-information-20240223/
  4. "discovered" - https://journals.aps.org/pra/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevA.52.R2493
  5. "Hobbyist Finds Math's Elusive 'Einstein' Tile" - https://www.quantamagazine.org/hobbyist-finds-maths-elusive-einstein-tile-20230404/
  6. "How Space and Time Could Be a Quantum Error-Correcting Code" - https://www.quantamagazine.org/how-space-and-time-could-be-a-quantum-error-correcting-code-20190103/
  7. "How Quantum Computers Will Correct Their Errors" - https://www.quantamagazine.org/how-quantum-computers-will-correct-their-errors-20211116/
  8. "Original Submission" - https://soylentnews.org/submit.pl?op=viewsub&subid=62393

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printed from SoylentNews, Einsteins (the Tiles) Meet Error Correction for Quantum Superposition on 2024-06-22 16:39:16