According to El Reg:
Copyright-holders of the film Dallas Buyers Club have given up their pursuit of Australian pirates after a local Judge blocked their efforts at speculative invoicing.
The owners of the film have pursued Australian internet service provider iiNet for years, winning the right to access the details of subscribers it identified as having acquired copies of the film without paying. The film's owners wanted the personal details so it could write to the subscribers and ask them to cough up.
Federal Court Justice Nye Perram had no problem with pirates being asked to pay for the film, but thought it right that proven pirates pay not much more than they would do to rent the movie. He reached that decision after rejecting arguments that torrenting a film is tantamount to distribution and that individual pirates should therefore pay the higher licence fee asked of distributors. Punitive damages were also not something he sanctioned.
The Judge therefore set stern conditions about what the owners were allowed to say to alleged pirates in any communication. To encourage the film's owners to comply, he required that they lodge a bond of AU$600,000 with the court before sending any letters.
Perram also insisted that the court be able to see any letters before they were sent to alleged pirates, to ensure that the film's owners didn't demand sums he felt were improper. By setting the bond at $600,000, he figured he would wipe out any profit the film's owners might make by contacting pirates.
Last December the case returned to court and Perram gave the film's owners a deadline of today, February 11th 2016, to describe a licence fee and a form of words it would send pirates, or to appeal. If the owners didn't act before today, Perram proposed to wind up the case for good.
The film's owners haven't responded because they didn't see any way to get the outcome they wanted, presumably the right to charge a distribution licence. While the paperwork's not yet appeared, that decision will presumably bring the matter to an end.
Netflix has been moving huge portions of its streaming operation to Amazon Web Services (AWS) for years now, and it says it has finally completed its giant shift to the cloud. "We are happy to report that in early January of 2016, after seven years of diligent effort, we have finally completed our cloud migration and shut down the last remaining data center bits used by our streaming service," Netflix said in a blog post that it plans to publish at noon Eastern today. (The blog should go up at this link.)
Netflix operates "many tens of thousands of servers and many tens of petabytes of storage" in the Amazon cloud, Netflix VP of cloud and platform engineering Yury Izrailevsky told Ars in an interview.
Netflix had earlier planned to complete the shift by the end of last summer.
"Billing and payments was the last remaining piece. We wanted to make sure we do it right; obviously, there is a lot of privacy concerns around customer data," Izrailevsky said. Previously, the applications and data related to billing and payments were in a cage Netflix rented at a colocation facility.
With this last piece finished, Netflix's streaming business no longer operates any of its own data center space. But not everything is in Amazon.
From the FAA News and Updates website:
Under the new procedures, hobbyists and recreational unmanned aircraft operators can fly aircraft that weigh less than 55 lbs. (including any attachments such as a camera) in the area between 15 and 30 miles of Washington, D.C. if the aircraft are registered and marked, and they follow specific operating conditions. The operating conditions require them to fly 400 feet or lower above the ground, stay in the operator's line of sight, only fly in clear conditions, and avoid other aircraft.
Do you think this will recover some good will for the FAA? Was the ban justified to begin with?
I've taken the liberty of setting up an official folding@home team for Soylent News. In case you aren't familiar with folding@home, it's a distributed computing project that simulates protein folding in an attempt to better understand diseases such as Alzheimer's and Huntington's.
There is more information on the project here, which explains it much better than I could.
Clients are available for Linux, OSX, and even Windows (if you swing that way), so come join our botnet!
That Other Site's team is ranked at 1817, so we've got some catching up to do.
On a personal note, my Dad carries the gene markers for Huntington's disease, and will eventually succumb to it. Research like this is very helpful for understanding, and hopefully developing treatments for it.
tl;dr Our Soylent News team ID is 230319
Submitted via IRC for Bytram
Congress has voted to make permanent a federal law that prevents states or localities from taxing Internet access.
There's long been general agreement in Congress that taxing access to the Internet is a bad idea and shouldn't be allowed. But permanent consideration of the tax ban was held up by some lawmakers, including Sen. Dick Durbin (D-Ill.), who wanted it to be passed together with the Marketplace Fairness Act, or MFA.
The MFA mandates that Americans must pay sales tax on all online purchases. It, too, has garnered majorities on both sides of the aisle, and a version was passed by the Senate in 2013—yet, it still hasn't become law. Durbin reportedly dropped his opposition to the access tax once Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-Ky.) promised a vote on a new MFA later this year.
A significant thread through the net neutrality debate was making sure ISPs (read: cable companies) didn't turn the free and open internet into the thing those ISPs actually want, bundles of cable packages. We have, thus far, been mostly successful in stopping it.
Google, Apple, Microsoft, Amazon, and Facebook have defended net neutrality and fought the bundle.
But, deep inside the software that powers their empires, they're each creating a different kind of bundle. It came from places we haven't been watching closely enough, and it has many names: Siri, Cortana, Alexa, Facebook M, and Google Now. There's a problem that's built into them: they only seem to work with certain parts of the web and — here's the real rub — certain apps.
Forget those childish toys that you call video games, and think beyond those little 360-degree videos captured at concerts. VR is now a place for capital-F Films, complete with New York Times celebrations and dedicated exhibits at Sundance. Recent VR films have some impressive sounding premises, too: immersion in the wilderness alongside bison and cheetahs; trippy, sense-filling music videos; stark, racially charged drives through poor neighborhoods; and much more.
VR filmmakers have taken some pretty diverse approaches, but most of them have one unfortunate thing in common: an overreaction to the form. In their rush to put viewers inside their concepts, these burgeoning creators forgot about the importance of directing and cinematography—a fact that I, a devout believer in VR's future, can no longer stomach.
[VR film's] worst moments hint to where the format will improve as filmmakers adopt the best practices that 3D game makers have practiced for decades. Good 3D storytelling is as much about giving viewers power as it is about taking it away—about blacking out and obstructing freedom in ways that both focus our attention and convey an important truth (where you're not allowed to go, and what that means, for example).
VR may soon force viewers to confront interesting and even harrowing new concepts in the arts world. Until then, the people who make those VR films need to confront a few truths of their own. Otherwise, we're going to nod our heads 'no' to the expectation of painfully nodding our heads all over virtual worlds.
The article reviews 3 VR films at the Sundance film festival.
Greg Milner writes in The New York Times that an American tourist in Iceland directed the GPS unit in his rental car to guide him from Keflavik International Airport to a hotel in nearby Reykjavik, and ended up 250 icy miles away in Siglufjordur, a fishing village on the outskirts of the Arctic Circle. Mr. Santillan apparently explained that he was very tired after his flight and had "put his faith in the GPS." In another incident, a woman in Belgium asked GPS to take her to a destination less than two hours away and two days later, she turned up in Croatia. Finally disastrous incidents involving drivers following disused roads and disappearing into remote areas of Death Valley in California have became so common that park rangers gave them a name: "death by GPS." "If we're being honest, it's not that hard to imagine doing something similar ourselves" says Milner. "Most of us use GPS as a crutch while driving through unfamiliar terrain, tuning out and letting that soothing voice do the dirty work of navigating."
Could society's embrace of GPS be eroding our cognitive maps? Julia Frankenstein, a psychologist at the University of Freiburg's Center for Cognitive Science, says the danger of GPS is that "we are not forced to remember or process the information — as it is permanently 'at hand,' we need not think or decide for ourselves." "Next time you're in a new place, forget the GPS device. Study a map to get your bearings, then try to focus on your memory of it to find your way around. City maps do not tell you each step, but they provide a wealth of abstract survey knowledge. Fill in these memories with your own navigational experience, and give your brain the chance to live up to its abilities."
How many people actually remember people's phone numbers these days?
It's hard out there for a Portlander:
With no laws mandating caps on yearly rent increases in Oregon, which for three years has been US's top moving destination, homelessness is increasing.
A city of bridges, Portland is full of places where people who are homeless can find dry, covered shelter from the Pacific North-west downpour. But lately, Portland is facing a housing crisis of a different sort as shelter for the homeless has become anything but discreet. New communities of vinyl pop tents and makeshift camps have been popping up everywhere, with many spilling out into city parks.
As a quick fix to address the prevalence of homelessness, Mayor Charlie Hales announced a plan this week to manage "camping" throughout the city for safe sleeping. Homeless will now be allowed to sleep overnight on sidewalks, with a sleeping bag and a tarp, while tents will be acceptable in certain areas from 9pm to 7am. Up to 10 city-sanctioned campsites with a couple hundred disaster-relief pods will be established through nonprofit service providers. Cars and RVs for homeless to camp in will be permitted in designated areas, such as church parking lots, and at least three or four spaces for more temporary shelter are being located. Though largely experimental, the plan has been given a six month trial run. But as a strategy, it's markedly different from other west coast cities, who have been adopting a strategy of clearing out visible homeless camps in recent years.
[...] Portland saw rents appreciate nearly 15% in 2015 – the highest increase in the nation – with an average rent of $1,689 per month, according to real estate company Zillow. Five years ago, it was around $980. And rents are only trending upwards. Zillow is forecasting that Portland will be among the nation's top six rental appreciations. Apart from Denver and Buffalo, the other cities are all on the west coast: San Francisco, Seattle, and San Jose. The forces driving Portland's rents are far from few. The city has a less than 3% vacancy rate. Meanwhile, the Portland Housing Bureau said 85% of all rental units currently being built are luxury.
As reported here, here, here, here, here, here, and here, Bruce Schneier, Kathleen Seidel, and Saranya Vijayakumar today released their worldwide survey of encryption products. They identified 865 hardware or software products from 55 countries that incorporate encryption, 546 of which originated from outside the United States. Their goal was to repeat a similar survey from 1999, when the debate about restricting the export of cryptographic technology was going on.
They didn't perform an in-depth review on the products, but they do state:
To be sure, we do not believe that either US or non-US encryption products are free of vulnerabilities. We also believe that both US and non-US encryption products can be compromised by user error. What we do believe is that there is no difference in quality between the two. Both use the same cryptographic algorithms, and their secure development and coding practices are a function of the quality of their programmers, not the country they happen to be living in.
The report concludes:
Laws regulating product features are national, and only affect people living in the countries in which they're enacted. It is easy to purchase products, especially software products, that are sold anywhere in the world from everywhere in the world. Encryption products come from all over the world. Any national law mandating encryption backdoors will overwhelmingly affect the innocent users of those products. Smart criminals and terrorists will easily be able to switch to more-secure alternatives.
The 1999 report which inspired this survey (original pdf is gone), came to pretty much the same conclusion about the futility of export regulations on encryption products.
Flotation tanks are dark, soundproof pods in which people float in warm water for hours at a time. They have been a niche interest of various new-age and hippy communities for decades, but in recent years the number of people using them in the UK has grown, writes Tom Ireland.
"The sensation is one of no sensation - your mind becomes untethered from your body. There's nowhere like it on the planet."
Gary Mossman is a 26-year-old tattoo artist in Basingstoke.
He has started to use flotation tanks to explore what he refers to as the "theta-state", a drowsy or trance-like state which he hopes will help him be more creative with his tattoo designs.
"It's about making a blank canvas in your mind so you can then picture something completely original. It's a little like the stage just before falling asleep, where you have a really vivid imagination and things just appear in your head."
[...] Now a growing number of researchers are studying sensory deprivation's effects again. In 2015 a laboratory dedicated to studying flotation tanks was set up at the Laureate Institute for Brain Research in Tulsa, Oklahoma.
Early work has suggested that floating - referred to as Restricted Environmental Stimulation Therapy - could be useful in treating stress and anxiety-related conditions such as post-traumatic stress disorder. In Sweden, where patients can be referred to a float tank centre by their GP or employer, there are more tanks per person than anywhere else in the world.
Have any Soylentils done this?
[Editor addition.] Noted physicist Richard Feynman documented his experiences in what was then called a sensory deprivation tank in his book Surely You're Joking, Mr. Feynman!.
No longer satisfied to be washed out by epic seas and vast oceans, the world's lakes, rivers, streams, canals, reservoirs and other land-locked waters continue a push to be recognized - and properly managed - as a global food security powerhouse.
In an article today by Environmental Reviews, authors, which include six either currently affiliated with Michigan State University (MSU) and/or are alumni, offers the first global review of the value of inland fish and fisheries.
"Inland capture fisheries and aquaculture are fundamental to food security globally," said Abigail Lynch, a fisheries research biologist with the U.S. Geological Survey National Climate Change and Wildlife Science Center and an adjunct professor at MSU. "In many areas of the world, these fisheries are a last resort when primary income sources fail due to, for instance, economic shifts, war, natural disasters and water development projects."
The article shows that although aquaculture and inland capture fisheries contribute more than 40 percent of the world's reported fish production, excluding shellfish, their harvest is greatly under-reported and value is often ignored.
Inland waters comprise about 0.01 percent of the earth's water.
The social, economic, and environmental importance of inland fish and fisheries (open, DOI: 10.1139/er-2015-0064)
The Next Platform has an article about waning interest in brain-inspired neuromorphic computing post-2013 (which has not yet delivered a "revolution in computing") and some of the developments in the field since then:
There have been a couple of noteworthy investments that have fed existing research for neuromorphic architectures. The DARPA Synapse program was one such effort, which beginning in 2008, eventually yielded IBM's "True North" chip—a 4096-core device comprised of 256 programmable "neurons" that act much like synapses in the brain, resulting in a highly energy efficient architecture that while fascinating—means an entire rethink of programming approaches. Since that time, other funding from scientific sources, including the Human Brain Project, have pushed the area further, leading to the creation of the SpiNNaker neuromorphic device, although there is still a lack of a single architecture that appears best for neuromorphic computing in general.
The problem is really that there is no "general" purpose for such devices as of yet and no widely accepted device or programmatic approach. Much of this stems from the fact that many of the existing projects are built around specific goals that vary widely. For starters, there are projects around broader neuromorphic engineering that are more centered on robotics versus large-scale computing applications (and vice versa). One of several computing-oriented approaches taken by Stanford University's Neurogrid project, which was presented in hardware in 2009 and remains an ongoing research endeavor, was to simulate the human brain, thus the programming approach and hardware design are both thus modeled as closely to the brain as possible while others are more oriented toward solving computer science related challenges related to power consumption and computational capability using the same concepts, including a 2011 effort at MIT, work at HP with memristors as a key to neuromorphic device creation, and various other smaller projects, including one spin-off of the True North architecture we described here.
A team led by engineers at the University of California, San Diego has 3D-printed a tissue that closely mimics the human liver's sophisticated structure and function. The new model could be used for patient-specific drug screening and disease modeling. The work was published the week of Feb. 8 in the online early edition of Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
Researchers said the advance could help pharmaceutical companies save time and money when developing new drugs.
"It typically takes about 12 years and $1.8 billion to produce one FDA-approved drug," said Shaochen Chen, NanoEngineering professor at the UC San Diego Jacobs School of Engineering. "That's because over 90 percent of drugs don't pass animal tests or human clinical trials. We've made a tool that pharmaceutical companies could use to do pilot studies on their new drugs, and they won't have to wait until animal or human trials to test a drug's safety and efficacy on patients. This would let them focus on the most promising drug candidates earlier on in the process."
A Deterministically Patterned Biomimetic Human iPSC-derived Hepatic Model via Rapid 3D Bioprinting (DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1524510113)
A link to an interesting article appeared in my e-mail box this morning with the following introduction:
I won't go into any more detail about the ideas that were produced as the result of the "explosion", but I'd be interested in reading about what others have to say. I will start the discussion with the following snippet from the article:
- Provide a simple scripting language "inspired by" Java to control embedded Java applets in web pages.
- A simple scripting language to control forms.
As you can see, the initial motivation was not to create a complete and powerful language to develop web client applications.
History is replete with examples of programming languages that have been bastardized and transmogrified into doing things they were never intended to do originally.