Geometry guided construction of earliest known temple, built 6,000 years before Stonehenge:
The sprawling 11,500-year-old stone Göbekli Tepe complex in southeastern Anatolia, Turkey, is the earliest known temple in human history and one of the most important discoveries of Neolithic research.
Researchers at Tel Aviv University and the Israel Antiquities Authority have now used architectural analysis to discover that geometry informed the layout of Göbekli Tepe's impressive round stone structures and enormous assembly of limestone pillars, which they say were initially planned as a single structure.
Three of the Göbekli Tepe's monumental round structures, the largest of which are 20 meters in diameter, were initially planned as a single project, according to researchers Gil Haklay of the Israel Antiquities Authority, a Ph.D. candidate at Tel Aviv University, and Prof. Avi Gopher of TAU's Department of Archaeology and Ancient Near Eastern Civilizations. They used a computer algorithm to trace aspects of the architectural design processes involved in the construction of these enclosures in this early Neolithic site.
Their findings were published in Cambridge Archaeological Journal in May.
[...] Discovered by German archaeologist Dr. Klaus Schmidt in 1994, Göbekli Tepe has since been the subject of hot archaeological debate. But while these, and other early Neolithic remains, have been intensively studied, the issue of architectural planning during these periods and its cultural ramifications have not.
Most researchers have made the case that the Göbekli Tepe enclosures at the main excavation area were constructed over time. However, Haklay and Prof. Gopher say that three of the structures were designed as a single project and according to a coherent geometric pattern.
[...] "This case of early architectural planning may serve as an example of the dynamics of cultural changes during the early parts of the Neolithic period," Haklay says. "Our findings suggest that major architectural transformations during this period, such as the transition to rectangular architecture, were knowledge-based, top-down processes carried out by specialists.
"The most important and basic methods of architectural planning were devised in the Levant in the Late Epipaleolithic period as part of the Natufian culture and through the early Neolithic period. Our new research indicates that the methods of architectural planning, abstract design rules and organizational patterns were already being used during this formative period in human history."
Next, the researchers intend to investigate the architectural remains of other Neolithic sites throughout the Levant.
More information:Gil Haklay et al, Geometry and Architectural Planning at Göbekli Tepe, Turkey, Cambridge Archaeological Journal (2020). DOI: 10.1017/S0959774319000660
(Score: 0) by Anonymous Coward on Saturday May 16 2020, @06:29PM (5 children)
Us men will dare to invent artificial wombs and seize the means of production.
(Score: -1, Flamebait) by Anonymous Coward on Saturday May 16 2020, @07:20PM (3 children)
Only an inferior being who is incapable of creating new life would compare wombs to "means of production." That perfectly explains the problem. You think of women as property, and you objectify our bodies as property, believing your misogynist idols of science and geometry could possibly describe or contain the power of the womb. Science and geometry exist solely to expropriate what is rightfully ours.
(Score: 0) by Anonymous Coward on Saturday May 16 2020, @08:10PM (1 child)
Ohohoho, you sound confident in your position. And yet, science will indeed expropriate the power of the sacred femynyne. You can not stop it.
(Score: 0) by Anonymous Coward on Sunday May 17 2020, @02:44AM
Science will never succeed in raping women's precious bodily fluids. Have you ever seen a scientist drink a glass of water?
(Score: 1, Touché) by Anonymous Coward on Sunday May 17 2020, @03:47PM
So much hot air out of a talking body part.
Maybe try using the body part between your ears next time.
(Score: 0) by Anonymous Coward on Monday May 18 2020, @09:21AM
I've heard it called a lot of things but "seize the means of production" is a new one. Stop it or you'll go blind.